Melanoma, the deadliest of all skin cancers, arises in cells that make pigment. Undiagnosed instances can impact the internal organs, typically affecting the upper back, trunk, head, neck, and lower legs. When detected early, the cure rate is high. Learn more about how is MELANOMA caused and what is its possible treatment, through this article.
How is MELANOMA caused?
Overexposure to sunlight, especially sunburns while you are young, is a major risk factor for melanoma, with solar ultraviolet (UV) rays being the primary culprit in the majority of these cases. The possibility for difficulties arises when the DNA in your skin is damaged and those cells begin to reproduce. UV radiation can harm a cell’s DNA and alter specific genes that affect how cells grow and divide.
It has been determined that UV radiation from tanning beds is a carcinogen and raises the incidence of melanoma. Although anybody can get melanoma, those who have a personal or family history of the disease, pale skin, freckles, blond or red hair, blue eyes, a lot of moles, especially atypical moles, or a compromised immune system are more likely to have it.
Melanoma is more prevalent in white people, while it can affect people of all skin tones, and it most frequently affects persons with darker skin on their palms, soles, and nails.
What is its possible treatment?
Melanoma can be treated with surgery, radiation, medicine, or, in some circumstances, chemotherapy. In radiation therapy, aberrant cells are destroyed using x-rays and other high-energy rays, but in Mohs surgery, skin cancer is surgically removed one layer at a time until only healthy tissue is left. It also lessens the capacity of viruses to multiply when treated with antiviral medication. Unwanted drug side effects are administered during chemotherapy in an effort to eliminate cancer cells. Moreover, immunotherapy alters or suppresses the body’s natural immune response to treat illness, including cancer.