Although acne is quite common, cystic acne is less common and more severe. It is primarily brought on by hormonal changes associated with puberty, though it can also affect adults. People who have cystic acne develop big, painful, pus-filled acne cysts (pimples) deep beneath the skin. In order to lessen the chance of infection and scarring, cystic acne should be treated by a dermatologist. Antibiotics and topical treatments with prescription strength can also help clean up your skin. Learn more about it by reading this article.
What is Cystic Acne and how is it caused?
The most severe kind of acne, known as cystic acne, appears when cysts form deep beneath the skin. This typically happens to people with oily skin and can be caused by a combination of germs, oil, and dry skin cells that become caught in your pores. Additionally, hormonal abnormalities make it more prevalent in adolescents, women, and older adults, and cystic acne typically gets better with age.
In addition to hormonal changes, acne may also result from a woman’s menstrual cycle, pregnancy, menopause, polycystic ovarian syndrome, certain drugs, certain skin care products, wearing too-tight clothing, high humidity, or excessive perspiration.
How can it be treated?
Since cystic acne is typically unresponsive to over-the-counter medications for mild acne, you will have to go through one or more of the treatments. It might consist of birth control pills to balance a woman’s hormones, oral antibiotics to help manage bacteria and reduce inflammation, benzoyl peroxide to destroy bacteria on your skin and combat inflammation, or even oral antibiotics to help control bacteria. Along with over-the-counter medications for mild acne, retinoid, a type of vitamin A, is another medication option, which comes in cream, lotion, foam, or gel form. It can open up your pores and make it easier for antibiotics to work.
Isotretinoin, spironolactone, and steroids are additional types of medicine. Isotretinoin targets all acne-causing factors, however, women should avoid getting pregnant while taking it. Spironolactone, however, might lessen excessive oil. Cysts can receive an injection of steroids right in your doctor’s office.