Rise of Banking Frauds in India, in the year 2023

The cases of frauds in the banking sector went up to 13,530 in 2022-23 year-on-year, but the amount involved nearly halved at Rs 30,252 crore, showed a Reserve Bank data released on Tuesday. Frauds occurred mainly in the category of digital payments (card/internet), in terms of number, said Reserve Bank’s Annual Report 2022-23.

Mostly in terms of value, frauds have been reported primarily in the loan portfolio (advances category). A total of 9,097 frauds had taken place in 2021-22 involving Rs 59,819 crore. In 2020-21, the number of frauds was 7,338 and amount involved was Rs 1,32,389 crore. An assessment of bank group-wise fraud cases over the last three years indicates that while private sector banks reported maximum number of frauds, public sector banks continued to contribute maximum to the fraud amount during 2022-23,” the report said. Data are in respect of frauds of Rs 1 lakh and above reported during the three years. The report said there was a 55 per cent decline in the amount involved in the total frauds reported during 2021-22 over 2020- 21 Further, proportionately, the decline in the total amount involved in frauds continued during 2022-23, with a reduction of 49 per cent over 2021-22

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“While small value card/internet frauds contributed maximum to the number of frauds reported by the private sector banks, the frauds in public sector banks were mainly in loan portfolio.” The RBI said that the frauds reported in a year could have occurred several years prior to the year of reporting.