India is a land of philosophy. Spirituality is the basis of truth in this country and various systems of thought highlight various paths to eternity. Every path ends up at the lotus feet of an infinite being. Indian subcontinent and civilizations of that time have elevated the status of Indian philosophy. Philosophy in this nation is Astika(Orthodox) and Nastika(Unorthodox). Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya, Yoga, Purva-Mimamsa (or Mimamsa), Vedanta, Buddhism, and Jainism are those schools. Every path has some common themes which are karma, dharma, samsara, dukkha, reincarnation, renunciation, meditation, etc. Every philosopher is instructing individuals to practice sadhana and attain liberation (Nirvana, Moksha). Differences between schools are on the grounds of nature.
One of the most controversial things about these schools is everyone is trying to suppress the other. The prime motive behind doing this is attaining supremacy and becoming the ideal. Expansion of ‘Maths’ has misled many followers. Everyone must practice his or her faith but must show basic courtesy of respecting others. While accepting others, we must retain our individuality as well. Religious scriptures are the forms of literature accepted by everyone in India. In the Medieval and Ancient era, scriptures include substantial discussions on metaphysics, Sunyatta-Anatta, Brahman-Atman, Epistemology, Pramanas, Axiology, etc. Indian philosophies were authorized during the early centuries of the civil era. Between 800 BCE and 200 CE, the intensity of rivalry and integration was the highest. Jainism, Buddhism, Saiva, Vedanta, Yoga, survived in this cut-throat competition but schools like Charvaka, Ajivika, Ajnana failed.
If we try to establish a connection between Western and Indian philosophical thought, we get some of the surprising similarities and some of the brightening discrepancies. Let’s talk about the similarities and scrutinize the way of working. Indians and foreigners were suffering and surviving from the same problems but, Indians have aesthetically crafted the ideas and formulated morals, and augmented some of the myths. Indian philosophers are putting forward better considerations compared to western ideas. Origin (Utpatti), Apprehension (Jnaapti), Truth(Pramanaya). Western philosophy got ideas from the loopholes left by Indians. Is knowledge a by-product of experience or reason? Differences between analytic and synthetic decisions. Let’s see how many dramatic schools are present in India. There are 5 major schools namely Jain, Buddhist, Ajivika, Ajñana, and Charvaka.
Indian impression, thus, delivers the historiographer of Western ideology with a point of view that may enhance that progress from Western thinking. Research of Indian thought, then, discloses distinct deficiencies of Western wise thought and formulates some theories and significance. It may not be as unavoidable as it may otherwise appear. Identically, understanding Western thought attained by Indian philosophers has also been worthwhile to them.
Vedic hymns, Hindu scriptures socializing from the 2nd millennium BCE, are the aged records from India of the procedure by which the mortal psyche gives rise to its deities and of the wide psychological methods of myth-making directing to profound cosmological notions. The Upanishads (questionable philosophical texts) comprise one of the first beliefs of a universal, all-pervading, all-attractive, moral truth leading to a revolutionary monism (absolute nondualism, or the crucial consensus of matter and spirit). The Upanishads also include early assumptions by Indian philosophers about essence, existence, sanity, and the benevolent body.
The classical, or orthodox, systems contest, sometimes with permeating insight and often with an extent of recurrence that can become boring to some, such matters as the significance of the limited self; the disparity as well as the association between the core, intellect, and the self; the individuality of knowledge and the categories of valid awareness; the nature and heritage of truth; the kinds of commodities that may be said to prevail; the relation of authenticity to idealism; the crisis of whether universals or connections are fundamental; and the very valuable predicament of moksha, or liberation (literally “release”)—its personality and the ways leading up to it.