The top 10 most richest states of USA

A look into the top 10 most richest states of United States of America (USA) and their economy.

The world’s superpower nation has seen tremendous growth since its independence in 1776. The United States of America is a federated union of 50 states, unlike most democracies where the nation comprises states. In the U.S. the states form the nation therefore, the States share higher autonomy over the centre and each state has its laws. The United States is a federation of 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent while it also has the state of Alaska, at the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaii, in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The conterminous states are bounded by Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, Canada to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

The US economy has been boosted since its inception, which is why it still holds its position as the leading nation in the world with nearly 735 billionaires worth a collective $4.7 trillion. Each state in the US has its USP, its physical habitat spans the Arctic and the subtropics, a lush rainforest and a parched desert, and a rough mountain top and a flat prairie which is suitable for giving a rise to various sectors in the country, ranging from manufacturing, hospitality to tourism and technology. 


Statistical Figures 

  • The average net worth of all American families was $746,820, according to the Federal Reserve’s 2019 Survey of Consumer Finances, while the median figure was $121,760.
  • According to the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplements (CPS ASEC) conducted by the Census Bureau, real median household income was $70,784 in 2021, not statistically different from the 2020 estimate of $71,186.

The categorization of states in the US is according to data on education and poverty and the state’s highest median household income and per capita GDP. The wealthiest states have derived their wealth from a wide range of industries, with high technology, industry, and agriculture all contributing to the development of these regions over time.

The 10 wealthiest states in the USA are summarised as follows:- 

10. Illinois: GDP per capita- $69,667

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  • This state is many a time considered as an American prototype at large, with its diverse array of industries including manufacturing, mining, financial institutions, technology, and agriculture.
  • Black soil is the state’s USP which is suitable for growing soybean and corn. Along with agriculture, the state also has a reputation for cattle rearing and producing high-quality dairy products and livestock.
  • It’s also one of the top producers of non-electrical machinery, with these products accounting for its largest share of foreign exports, manufactured at industrial parks which are located throughout the state.
  • A known town in Illinois for economic activity in Chicago, known for car production and the Amtrak commuter rail system, or the various financial institutions, including the Chicago Stock Exchange.

09. North Dakota: GDP per capita- $70,185

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  • This 39th state to join the union, gets its name from the Sioux tribe of North America.
  • The state’s economy earlier heavily relied on fossil fuels and agriculture saw a transformation in the 20th century, when contact centers, travel companies, and financial institutions began to take the lead in terms of the state’s gross domestic product.
  • North Dakota’s farms continue to produce a variety of grains, including canola, along with wheat, flaxseed, corn, and sugar beets, which are grown for export, despite recent declines in agriculture.
  • It has the lowest rate of unemployment and residents enjoy good healthcare facilities and low crime rates.
  • While conventional fossil fuels have lost popularity in recent years, the Great Plains of North Dakota have been dubbed “the Saudi Arabia of wind energy,” and this renewable energy source has received a lot of funding from green energy businesses.

08. Maryland: GDP per capita- $71,500

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  • The port of Baltimore located in the state of Maryland handles a wide range of raw materials and other bulk goods making Maryland, one of the richest states in the nation.
  • The National Security Agency, other federal organisations including the National Institutes of Health, and the biggest hotel chain in the world are all located in Maryland.
  • Maryland has hundreds of biotechnology-related businesses that take advantage of the state’s higher education resources and connections to public sector organisations like the National Institutes of Health to create many of the state’s high-paying employment.

07. New Jersey: GDP per capita- $71,501

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  • This state is one of the original 13 states of America and is one of the smallest states in the union surrounded by New York.
  • The high-tech sectors that dominate the labour statistics in New Jersey’s economy, as they do in many of the richest states in America, include biotech, pharmaceuticals, information technology, and finance.
  • Since forests make up the majority of New Jersey, the majority of the state’s natural resources come from there. Pine forestry is complemented by mining for zinc, iron, and manganese.

06. Delaware: GDP per capita- $77,214

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  • The first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States, is one of the richest states in the nation.
  • Delaware has a small population and a diverse range of jobs in the public sector, including work in banking, farming, education, and health services. Delaware is home to several large corporations, including DuPont, Bank of America, JPMorgan Chase, and AstraZeneca.
  • Delaware’s traditional agriculture also makes a major contribution to the state’s yearly median household income through the production of corn, soybeans, vegetables, and a variety of fish, clams, and crabs.
  • More than three-fifths of the firms that are listed on the New York Stock Exchange are incorporated in Delaware, which is home to thousands of U.S. and foreign corporations thanks to its very lenient incorporation laws.

05. California: GDP per capita- $78,771

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  • The state with the most residents, is known for its entertainment industry and is home to many of the highest-paying jobs and the wealthiest celebrity couples in the world. Hollywood and the surrounding area are home to many of these high-paying jobs.
  • This state has significant employment rates in the health and education sectors, and according to labour data, sizable populations also work in the industries of construction, agriculture, and technology.
  • Many digital and social media companies in the world have their headquarters in California’s Silicon Valley, where firms like Apple, Twitter, Google, Yahoo, and PayPal all have sizable employee populations.
  • California’s typical household median income is high overall, but the state’s unemployment and poverty rates in some places are shockingly high, and many citizens lack access to even the most basic health care despite being among some of the wealthiest people on earth.

04. Connecticut: GDP per capita- $79,824

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  • Connecticut’s high-quality education establishments, including the prestigious Yale University, contribute to the qualifications needed for the state’s high-paying jobs in financial services and insurance.
  • Secondary industries help make Connecticut one of the richest states in the country such as construction, retail, art and entertainment, and information services, with education and health services also contributing over 300,000 jobs.
  • While finance, insurance, and real estate bring in the majority of Connecticut’s income (generating $75.7 billion in GDP in 2018), the state has close ties to various weapons manufacturers, with Raytheon Technologies, Lockheed Martin, and General Dynamics among the companies making military hardware.

03. Washington: GDP per Capita- $81,059

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  • Washington farmers are among the country’s largest wine producers, while also growing pears and cranberries in addition to wine grapes.
  • Washington’s status as the third richest state was built largely on agriculture, with the growth of lentils, dry peas, barley, and a range of vegetables earning much of its early wealth.
  • Some of the country’s largest corporations, including Boeing, Microsoft, and Amazon, have a firm presence that contributes to the state’s overall median income.
  • Washington’s unemployment rate and poverty rate are below the national average, while on the other end of the income spectrum, the third richest state is home to billionaires, including Bill Gates and Jeff Bezos. (Jeff Bezos’ net worth alone indicates just how large his economic contribution is to the state.)

02. Massachusetts: GDP per Capita: $85,400

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  • This state is one of the oldest and played a significant role in the founding of America’s core principles of freedom and liberty.
  • Massachusetts has developed from a thriving agricultural land to heavy manufacturing and, presently, a center for technology and research, and development. The history of Massachusetts and its economy is deeply connected to the sea, with its maritime industry once second to none, a key player in the whaling boom of the nineteenth century.
  • Most of the state’s millionaires and billionaires earned their wealth through the biotechnology and financial sectors.
  • Significant segments of the population are employed in health care, manufacturing, and tourism, the latter of which has undergone a significant boom in recent years, with Boston and Cape Cod popular vacation destinations.

01. New York: GDP per Capita: $88,349

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  • This fourth most populous state in the country, and the richest based on median household income and GDP per capita, is home to some of the richest people in the world, from high-profile celebrities to billionaire hedge fund managers.
  • The state has dozens of higher education institutions, with many in its population holding bachelor’s degrees and forming much of the workforce on Wall Street, media and entertainment, and New York’s tech sector.
  • Numerous digital media companies are based in New York City’s Silicon Alley, including Squarespace, Spotify, and Behance while leading hardware technology firms such as IBM, Huawei, and LG Electronics add to the state’s diverse workforce.
  • While New York is the richest state in the country, with among the highest median household income, this doesn’t translate to the lowest poverty rates, which have consistently soared above the national average.

Way  Forward

America demonstrates the ever-changing dynamics of the industries and services which shape a nation’s fortune. Looking to the future, the richest states in America will continue to evolve, as new technologies, such as artificial intelligence, continue to drive progress and innovation. New industries that reflect the transition into the digital age have grown where manufacturing and farming formerly predominated, indicating a nation and a globe that is moving quickly with the times.