Amidst the Russo-Ukraine war and fractured energy supply, the Indo-Mongolian alliance seems to deepen its partnership strategically.
In a deteriorating energy supply world, India and Mongolia continuously strengthened their alliance with upcoming new opportunities which were otherwise affected due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the Russo-Ukraine crisis.
By this year’s end, India will have constructed an oil refinery in Sainshand near the south of Dornogovi province of Mongolia with the involvement of Engineers India Limited.
This massive integrated oil refinery cost India close to $ 1 billion and has a production capacity of 1.5 million metric tonnes.
Interestingly this facility aims to cater to 75% of Mongolia’s oil needs and it would not have to seek help from other countries going forward. There is also an elaborate plan for building power and rail infrastructure in Mongolia by India, to promote ease of transporting the energy resources as well as mineral resources.
The Indo-Mongolian bilateral ties had reached the next level of Strategic Partnership in 2015 itself when PM Narendra Modi had visited Mongolia.
Indian External Affairs Minister Jaishankar mentioned that various projects were underway in Mongolia with India’s assistance and the relationship only grows deeper despite challenges like pandemics.
Last year in 2021, Mongolia and India celebrated their 66th year of alliance enjoying unprecedented diplomatic ties. the countries have continued not only virtual meetings but also in-person meet-ups.
As a matter of fact, both countries have extended relentless support to each other during the COVID-19 pandemic and continued the Indo-Mongolian ties throughout the pandemic. On October 12th, 2021, EAM Jaishankar held a diplomatic meet-up with his Mongolian counterpart Battsetseg Batmunkh in line with the 6th Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) met in Nur-Sultan, Republic of Kazakhstan.
Mongolia received 200,000 vials of vaccination Remdesivir from India, under special export permission and India received $ 1 million in aid to Red Cross India from Mongolia when the second wave hit India on 17th May 2021.
Later the same year in November, both the countries recognized vaccination certificates to let travellers move between the two countries.