GPT-5 will have ‘Ph.D.-level’ intelligence

For some time, there have been whispers and speculation about the next major evolution of ChatGPT, tentatively dubbed GPT-5. Yesterday, OpenAI’s Chief Technology Officer Mira Murati provided more concrete details about its capabilities during an interview with Dartmouth Engineering, shared on X (formerly Twitter).

Murati characterized the leap from GPT-4 to GPT-5 as akin to progressing from high-school to university-level intelligence. “If you look at the trajectory of improvement, systems like GPT-3 were maybe toddler-level intelligence,” she explained. “And then systems like GPT-4 are more like smart high-schooler intelligence. And then, in the next couple of years, we’re looking at Ph.D. intelligence for specific tasks. Things are changing and improving pretty rapidly.”

When asked about the timeline, Murati indicated that GPT-5 is expected to debut in a year and a half, suggesting a release in late 2025 or early 2026. This news might disappoint those who anticipated an earlier launch, particularly given that initial rumors pointed to a release in late 2023. Subsequent reports speculated a summer 2024 launch, but this turned out to be the unveiling of GPT-4o, a notable upgrade but not the revolutionary step Murati hinted at.

Murati’s insights echo previous comments about GPT-5’s potential. Microsoft CTO Kevin Scott has remarked that next-gen AI systems could be “capable of passing Ph.D. exams” thanks to enhanced memory and reasoning abilities. However, Murati clarified that this “Ph.D.-level” intelligence would apply selectively. “These systems are already human-level in specific tasks, and, of course, in a lot of tasks, they’re not,” she said.

The journey from GPT-3’s toddler-like intelligence to GPT-4’s high-school smartness has been remarkable. With GPT-5, OpenAI aims to reach new heights, with AI capable of achieving Ph.D.-level performance in certain areas. While the wait might seem long, the promise of such advanced capabilities keeps the anticipation high.

Stay tuned for more updates as we approach the potential launch period of GPT-5, a milestone that could redefine our interaction with AI.