Notice to Centre from Supreme Court regarding population control plea

The Supreme Court was hearing a PIL that claimed that although the population is growing annually, there are only so many natural resources that can support the growing population.


In response to a petition asking for guidance on how to effectively address the overpopulation issue, the Supreme Court issued a notice to the federal government on Friday. Justices KM Joseph and Hrishikesh Roy’s joint panel asked the government for comment and grouped the case with other ongoing appeals of a similar kind.

According to the petition submitted by Dandi Swami Jeetendranand Saraswatee, General Secretary of Akhil Bharatiya Sant Samiti, although the population is growing annually, there are not enough natural resources to support the growing population.

The public interest litigation continued, “The state cannot turn a blind eye when there is a sharp rise in unemployment and poverty, a lack of food supplies, healthcare facilities, etc” (PIL).

Due to the overpopulation issue, the PIL also asked the central government to issue effective rules, regulations, and guidelines to safeguard the fundamental rights of millions of Indian citizens.

It was said that one of the most important causes of a number of critical issues that have a negative impact on millions of people’s quality of life is overpopulation.

The petition also asked the government to establish the first Sunday of every month as “Health Day” in order to raise awareness of population growth and to provide EWS and BPL families with contraceptives, condoms, immunizations, and other essentials like polio vaccines.

“In the alternative, direct the Law Commission of India to prepare a comprehensive report on population control measures within three months and submit the same to the respondents (government) for due consideration,” the plea added.

The petitioner said he has realised “the basic fundamental rights like the Right to live with human dignity, Right to clean air, Right to drinking water, Right to health, Right to shelter, Right to livelihood and Right to education guaranteed under the Constitution will remain elusive unless the respondents give due consideration to the proposals made by the National Commission to review the working of the Constitution (NCRWC) to mitigate the problem of overpopulation.”

India has around 17.8% of the world’s population, or close to 1.39 billion people, however it only has 2% of the world’s agricultural area and 4% of its population has access to clean drinking water. The argument stated that although 70,000 children are born each day in India, 10,000 are born each day in the US.