The most prevalent type of chronic, contagious skin condition is ECZEMA. It is characterised by scaly, red, itchy spots that commonly appear around the neck, eyes, inner elbows, and knees. It is frequently diagnosed in young children, but it is also increasingly found in adults, particularly those who have a family history of the disorder. Exposure to abrasive soaps, strong scents, and foods that cause an allergic reaction may also make it worse. Learn more about Eczema through this article.
What is Eczema?
Eczema is one of the most prevalent types of chronic, contagious skin conditions that are characterised by scaly, red, itchy areas. Atopic dermatitis symptoms can vary based on a person’s age, the severity of the condition, and even from person to person. People with the condition frequently go through phases when their symptoms get worse, followed by phases where they get better or go away.
How can it be treated?
There is presently no therapy for eczema, but doctors can recommend a course of action based on a patient’s age, symptoms, and current health. Treatment for the condition seeks to heal the afflicted skin and avoid symptom flare-ups. It might eventually fade away or endure for the rest of one’s life.
People who have eczema can take lukewarm baths, apply moisturiser every day within three minutes of bathing to “lock in” moisture, wear cotton and soft fabrics, use humidifiers in dry or cold weather, use mild soap or a non-soap cleanser when washing, and take extra precautions to prevent eczema flare-ups in the winter.
After bathing or taking a shower, it’s important to air dry the skin or gently pat it dry with a towel rather than rubbing it dry. You should also avoid sudden temperature fluctuations and activities that make you sweat.
Topical and oral corticosteroid creams and ointments are only a couple of the treatments that doctors can recommend to treat the signs and symptoms of eczema.
The doctor may also recommend antibiotics, antihistamines, topical calcineurin inhibitors, barrier repair moisturisers, phototherapy, and injectable biologic medications.