What are COMEDONES and how can they be treated?

Small, flesh-coloured, white, or black lumps are called comedones to give the skin a rough texture.

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A Comedone, which is a general name for a pore or hair follicle plugged by clingy dead skin cells and sebum that can’t drain correctly, forms a blackhead when the follicle is left open. Additionally, P. Acnes bacteria enter the blocked pore, causing irritation that results in the formation of a whitehead. If you too have to suffer from these irritating skin issues, do give it a read.

What is a Comedone?

Small, flesh-coloured, white, or black lumps are called comedones to give the skin a rough texture. Acne-related lumps can be seen where skin pores first open. When you have acne, you normally see these papules on your forehead and chin. Open comedones are blackheads, whereas closed comedones are whiteheads. It’s conceivable for certain comedones to be visually imperceptible, and it’s also possible for blackheads and whiteheads to be larger than usual.

Who gets affected by it?

Blackheads have an open face, and when the melanin pigment at the top of an open comedone comes into touch with the air, it oxidises and darkens, which is why blackheads seem dark. On the other hand, whiteheads have closed surfaces and resemble tiny white or flesh-coloured spots.

Both of these are brought on by hair follicles that are trapped. When dead skin cells are normally shed at the surface of the skin, allowing for the formation of new skin cells, occasionally dead skin cells can get trapped within the hair follicles, which when combined with the natural oils in your pores can form a plug. Adults with oily skin or smokers are more likely to experience this type of acne. While excessive dairy consumption, a diet high in fats and carbohydrates, overhydrated skin, high humidity, laser therapy or chemical peels, and follicular injury from “picking” skin or popping comedones may all be risk factors for comedonal acne.