RBI plans Rs 50,000 crore variable rate repo auction to inject liquidity into banking system

RBI to inject liquidity with Rs 50,000 crore variable rate repo auction to address deficits in the banking system.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has announced its decision to conduct a 14-day Variable Rate Repo auction on May 19, aiming to inject liquidity into the banking system. The auction, with a notified amount of Rs 50,000 crore, will occur between 10:30 am and 11:00 am, and the reversal of funds is scheduled for June 2.

The purpose of the variable rate repo auction is to address liquidity deficits or negative liquidity in the banking system. Presently, the banking system is estimated to have a surplus liquidity of approximately Rs 81,865.77 crore.


During the recent April monetary policy, RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das expressed the central bank’s commitment to maintaining flexibility in meeting the economy’s productive requirements through two-way operations as needed. Furthermore, the Governor emphasized the RBI’s dedication to ensuring the smooth completion of the government’s borrowing program while maintaining orderly market conditions throughout the fiscal year 2023-24.

The variable rate repo auction is a mechanism used by the RBI to manage liquidity in the banking system. In such auctions, banks can borrow funds from the central bank by providing eligible securities as collateral. The interest rate for these funds is variable and determined through the auction process.

By conducting the Rs 50,000 crore variable rate repo auction, the RBI aims to infuse liquidity into the banking system and address any liquidity deficits that may arise. This measure is part of the central bank’s efforts to maintain stability in the financial markets and support the economy’s financing needs.

The liquidity surplus in the banking system indicates that there is currently ample liquidity available. The RBI closely monitors liquidity conditions and adjusts its operations accordingly to ensure that the banking system functions smoothly and efficiently.

Overall, the upcoming variable rate repo auction reflects the RBI’s proactive approach in managing liquidity and supporting the banking system’s stability. By injecting liquidity into the system, the central bank aims to facilitate lending activities, stimulate economic growth, and maintain financial stability.