Air Pollution reduces life expectancy by 5 years: Report

According to a new study from the University of Chicago, air pollution is one of the most serious health risks. Toxic air pollutants are reducing life expectancy in the country by five years.

According to a new study from the University of Chicago, air pollution is one of the most serious health risks. Toxic air pollutants are reducing life expectancy in the country by five years. In Delhi, pollution reduces life expectancy by nearly ten years, according to the Energy Policy Institute’s Air Quality Life Index.

According to the analysis, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, and Tripura are currently among the top five polluted states. Moreover, globally, India is the second-most polluted country after Bangladesh, where air pollution reduced life expectancy by 6.9 years in 2020. Air pollution has reduced life expectancy in India’s neighbors Nepal and Pakistan by 4.1 and 3.8 years, respectively.

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Global Life Expectancy to be reduced by 2.2 years

According to the study, particulate air pollution reduces global average life expectancy by 2.2 years or a total of 17 billion life years.

According to the study, if current pollution levels continue, 40 per cent of Indians living in the Indo-Gangetic plains will lose 7.6 years of life expectancy. However, if the pollution continues, people in Lucknow may lose 9.5 years of life expectancy.

South Asia is the most affected by air pollution. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal remain among the world’s top five most polluted countries. More than half, 52 per cent, of the expected lost life years in the region are due to high pollution levels. Because of its high particulate pollution concentrations and large population, India bears the greatest health burden from air pollution. Particulate pollution levels have risen from 53 micrograms per cubic metre in 2013 to 56 micrograms per cubic metre today, nearly 11 times the WHO limit.

China stands to lose 2.5 years of life expectancy. But it has gained two years due to pollution reductions since 2013. Between 2013 and 2020, the country saw the greatest reduction in air pollution. With PM2.5 levels falling from 85 to 38 micrograms per cubic metre in just seven years—a 55 percent decrease. Thus, Beijing’s pollution decreased by 8.7 percent between 2019 and 2020.