Top 8 unknown & interesting facts about Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897, in Odisha, at the crest of British rule in India. He was hailed in particular for his belligerent approach to the country’s independence and his push for reformist socialist policies.

Bynamed Netaji, Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian revolutionary and a pioneer in the Indian freedom movement. Known for his boundless nationalism and defiant patriotism, he was at the forefront of the resistance against the colonial regime in India. 

Hailed in particular for his belligerent approach to the country’s independence and his push for reformist socialist policies, Bose was born on January 23, 1897, in Odisha, at the crest of British rule in India. 

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Bose was an outstanding student throughout his academic years but those same years also proved to be a tumultuous period for him. He had never been fond of authority and repeatedly got into trouble for bending rules to his will and resisting any degree of power inflicted on him. 

His long-standing record of disinterest in an intellectual career brought him back to India from London in 1921. Unable to withstand the discriminatory British rule in the country, he became a part of the freedom movement in India, steered by none other than Mahatma Gandhi. 

Nationalism called to him — it gave him a purpose — and soon after joining the movement, he became an inseparable part of it. Along with Jawaharlal Nehru, he went on to establish a new faction within the Congress, one with younger leaders and bolder visions for an independent India.  It was here that his socialist ideology and suggestions for reforms came into the limelight. 

His life took a turn when he was ousted from Congress as differences arose between him and Gandhi. Bose wanted a revolution and upheaval, something that went against Gandhi’s teachings of non-violence and Satyagraha

He fled India thereafter and it was this escapade that brought him in contact with the Axis powers at the pinnacle of the second world war. His ideology and tactics aligned with those of the Axis powers, and in a bid to free India from the throes of British rule, he conspired with the powers. 

Shortly after, Bose declared the establishment of a transient independent Indian government, and his army, dubbed as the Indian National Army or — Azad Hind Fauj. He collaborated with the Japanese troops to invade Indian territories in the east but was defeated by British forces and had to retreat. 

The true events that led to Bose’s demise in 1945 are still shrouded in mystery and conspiracy. However, it is speculated that he died from a plane crash while fleeing Japan-ruled Southeast Asia shortly after the second world war ended. 

Subhas Chandra Bose left a legacy of reformative ideology, often in opposition to the conservative approach of Gandhi. His patriotic values and nationalism were revered in Congress despite his afflictions with its members. He is remembered as one of the most influential leaders in pre-independence India and his mark on its history is unimaginably deep-rooted. 

 

Here are 8 facts you might not know about Subhas Chandra Bose: 

 

  • Bose’s unrelenting fight against British rule forced him to be imprisoned 11 times during the period from 1921 to 1941. He had even assumed the post of mayor of Calcutta in 1930 while in prison.

 

  • Subhas Chandra Bose’s dedication towards his country was apparent when he fled the country after he was put under house arrest. How the escape was planned, however, is one for history books. While under the intense scrutiny of police day and night, it was Netaji’s quick thinking to let the escape be in the veil of something that seemed to be an everyday occurrence. Thus, by quoting the reason for tuning a transistor for uncle Subhas, Sisir Bose used to join Netaji every day, and that is how Bose’s grand escape plan came to life.

 

  • During his academic days, Bose was notorious for his acts of misdemeanours. Bose studied at Presidency College, Calcutta, from which he was expelled in 1916 for instigating nationalist activities. He was also expelled for participating in an assault on a professor in another college. Moreover, he was rusticated from the University of Calcutta, but only after reinstatement 18 months later did he manage to study without further disruption and excel academically.

 

  • Bose was born in an affluent, upper-caste family in Odisha. His father was a senior lawyer at the court in Calcutta and his elder brothers too were wealthy lawyers and later politicians in the Congress. 

 

  • Bose was sent to London by his parents to continue with his higher studies. There, he took the Civil Services Examinations and even passed with flying colours. However, as the nationalist movement in India grew, Bose became more and more agitated to become a part of it. Therefore, he skipped taking the final Civil Services Exam and flew back to India to join the freedom struggle wholeheartedly. 

 

  • Bose had been a leader of the younger, radical wing of the Indian National Congress that believed in a more revolutionary approach to attain India’s freedom in the late 1920s and 1930s. His commanding leadership and acts brimming with nationalism made him skip over the ranks to become Congress President in 1938. 

 

  • The relationship between Bose and Gandhi was turbulent at best. Bose looked up to Gandhi at the beginning of the freedom movement in the country but his ways quickly deflected from those adopted by Gandhi due to a clash in their deep-rooted ideologies. Bose reckoned that Gandhi’s tactics of non-violence would never be adequate to secure independence and advocated violent resistance against the British regime instead. 

 

  • Bose’s intellect and temperament were greatly influenced by spiritual reformer Swami Vivekananda and his Guru, Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansa. Bose was a teenager when he first came across ideals preached by Swami Vivekananda, following which his lasting propensity towards spirituality epitomized and a spark of revolution against all authority ignited within him.