Social reform is a powerful attempt that seeks to change or correct any preexisting injustice or malpractice. It is a gradual process for positive change. India has a very rich and diverse cultural society. Some of the oldest civilisations of the world took place near the banks of its great rivers. Since India is culturally rich and diverse, there are many rituals and practices performed in the different regions by the people of India, hence with lots of good there existed some malpractices, that were corrected by the great reformers.
Here are some of the greatest reformers in the history of India:
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar : Bharat Ratna Babasahab Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is known as one of the greatest Social reformers of India, he was a jurist, economist, academic , politician, anthropologist, and writer. Dr. Ambedkar was born in the town of Mhow (M.P.) on 14 April 1891. Ambedkar’s family was a poor Dalit family, his father was in British military. Since childhood he faced caste based discrimination. He was not allowed to sit inside the classroom and drink water from the water vessel of his school, this task was performed by a peon of that school, he faced discrimination because of his caste. Thus he decided to work for the upliftment of the Dalits and untouchables.
He established an institution “Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha” intended to promote socio-economic welfare of depressed castes. By 1927 Ambedkar launched movements against untouchability. He fought for Dalits to enter in Hindu temple . he condemned the Vedic text “Manusmriti” and burned copies of it on 25 December , celebrated as Manusmriti Dahan Din.
As he drafted the great constitution of India, he also drafted some special provisions for the lower castes , for their upliftment. He is remembered for his great works and fight against discrimination.
Jyotiba Phule : Jyotirao Phule was a great social reformer who worked for the education of women and lower castes. they worked for the social equality for women and Dalits . He was born in 11th April 1827 in the Mali known for the gardening work traditionally . At the age of 21 he visited a Christian missionaries girls school, and he decided to educate women and lower castes. Jyotiba first educated his wife Savitribai Phule and then established a school for women education.
Jyotiba worked for women remarriage and started an orphanage for the kids of widow women. Phule establishe Satya Shodhak Samaj and worked against the caste based discrimination and untouchability.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy : Raja Ram Mohan Roy worked for against the practices such as Sati Pratha and Bal Vivah. Roy was a Bengali scholar , he had great knowledge of English, Sanskrit, Arbi, Persian , Latin and Greek. He was the founder of Bramho Sambha . Mughal king Akbar –II honored him by the title of RAJA.
Brahmo Samaj believes in the existence of One Supreme God — “a God, endowed with a distinct personality & moral attributes equal to His nature, and intelligence befitting the Author and Preserver of the Universe,” and worship Him alone.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded the Atmiya Sabha to fight the social evils and demerits, and to propagate social and educational reforms in India. He was the man who fought against superstitions, a pioneer in Indian education, and a trend setter in Bengali Prose and Indian press.
These were the few from many great Social Reformers of Indian society. Although there are many good cultures and practices among the people of India , but there are some bad practices too.. we hope from the future to honour our society with such great people again.