Explained: What is Artemis Accords? What Does it Mean For India?

India has made the decision to join the ‘Artemis Accords’, an initiative to return people to the moon by 2025, which is being spearheaded by the United States of America. Look at the agreement and India’s own lunar expedition below.

With a new international agreement permitting them to legally harvest the Moon and other space objects in support of scientific missions, wealthier countries stand to benefit the most from access to space. Half a century after the Apollo missions, the US unveiled a proposal to send people back to the Moon.

The Artemis plan, so named in honour of Apollo’s twin sister, calls for building the Gateway lunar orbiting station as well as a permanent human presence on the Moon.


The Artemis Accords clarify that “the extraction of space resources does not inherently constitute national appropriation”, provided that “contracts and other legal instruments relating to space resources should be consistent with the [Outer Space] Treaty”.

In an agreement known as the Artemis Accords, the Artemis plan defines the legal justification for using space resources to assist the Artemis missions. The Accords are not a treaty legally speaking because they do not establish any agreements that are enforceable under international law. They are solely applicable to the United States and the other nations planning to participate in the Artemis missions.

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and NASA have agreed to create a “strategic framework for human spaceflight cooperation” by the end of this year, President Biden and Prime Minister Modi said in a joint statement released on Thursday. The two leaders applauded NASA’s decision to announce that Indian astronauts will receive advanced training at the Johnson Space Centre in Houston.

Additionally, in 2024, India will launch the NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) satellite. According to NASA, the satellite, which is a component of a joint NASA-ISRO effort, has the most sophisticated radar system ever launched on a NASA space mission.