Google created a special doodle on June 4 to honor Indian physicist and mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose and his contribution to the Bose-Einstein Condensate. On this day in 1924, Bose sent his quantum formulations to Albert Einstein, who immediately recognized it as a significant discovery in quantum mechanics.
Bose, who was born on January 1, 1894, studied in Calcutta and excelled in his studies. His academic achievements are what made him famous. According to a Google blog post, Bose’s father encouraged his son’s interest in mathematics by writing an arithmetic problem for him to solve before leaving for work every day.
Bose began studying for a Bachelor of Science degree at Calcutta’s Presidency College at the age of 15, and later earned a Master’s degree in Applied Mathematics at the University of Calcutta.
At the age of 22, Bose was appointed as a lecturer at Calcutta University alongside astrophysicist Meghnad Saha. By the end of 1917, Bose had begun giving physics lectures. In 1921, he was appointed Reader in Physics at the newly established Dacca University. He had previously co-authored a couple of papers for the same journal. He documented his findings in a report called Planck’s Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta while teaching here. Despite the fact that his research had been rejected by a journal, he decided to send his paper to Albert Einstein.
The significance of the discovery was recognized by Einstein, who quickly applied Bose’s formula to a wide range of phenomena. Bose’s theoretical paper went on to become one of the most important discoveries in quantum theory.
The Indian government recognized his contributions to physics. By awarding him the Padma Vibhushan, one of the country’s highest civilian honors’. He was also named a National Professor, India’s highest academic honor.
To honors Bose’s legacy, any particle that today conforms to his statistics is referred to as a boson. His work has resulted in a number of scientific breakthroughs. Including the discovery of the particle accelerator and the God particle.