Artemis Accords signed by India and US; Joint space mission to be launched in 2024

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the United States witnessed the first major agreement as India decided to join Artemis Accords on Thursday.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the United States witnessed the first major agreement as India decided to join Artemis Accords on Thursday. According to the White House, the space agencies, on Thursday, the NASA and ISRO agreed on a joint space mission in 2024.

Grounded in the Outer Space Treaty of 1967 (OST), the Artemis Accords are a non-binding set of principles designed to guide civil space exploration and use in the 21st century.

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According to a statement made by an official from the US administration, “On space, we will be able to announce that India is signing the Artemis Accords, which advance a common vision for space exploration for the benefit of all humankind.”

Spearheaded by the United States, the Artemis Accords endeavour to facilitate the human return to the moon by 2025, as a pivotal step towards advancing space exploration to encompass Mars and other celestial destinations in the future.

The White House official added that both NASA and ISRO have agreed on a joint space mission in 2024.

Companies from India and the US will be engaging in a partnership to build an ecosystem for semiconductors that promote supply chain diversification.

Micron Technology, in partnership with the Indian National Semiconductor Mission, has revealed plans for a significant investment exceeding USD 800 million. This financial commitment  along with additional funding from Indian authorities, will culminate in the establishment of a state-of-the-art semiconductor assembly and test facility in India, with a total investment of USD 2.75 billion.

Applied Materials, an US-based company, has revealed its plans for the establishment of a cutting-edge semiconductor centre focusing on commercialization and innovation within India. Lamb Research, another leading semiconductor manufacturing equipment company, has announced a comprehensive training program through its semi-verse solution. This initiative aims to empower and skill up to 60,000 Indian engineers, effectively expediting the nation’s semiconductor workforce development objectives.

According to the official, “On critical minerals and mineral security, the United States will announce its support for India becoming a member of the Mineral Security Partnership which is led by the U.S. State Department and strengthens critical minerals supply chain and ensures that our respective markets are well supplied with essential critical minerals that are needed for climate, economic and strategic technology goals.”

India and the US have also signed a new implementation arrangement on artificial intelligence advanced wireless and quantum technologies. The U.S. on an Economic Development Consortium is now welcoming into its membership, Indian Quantum universities and entities as well. In advanced telecommunications, the two countries are working together on 5G and 6G technologies, including Open Radio Access Network (RAN) systems.

India’s 5G and 6G and the U.S. Next G alliance will lead a new public-private Cooperation forum. The U.S. will also welcome Indian participation in the U.S. rip and replace programme that removes telecommunications equipment made by untrusted vendors.

The official said,” On people-to-people ties and higher education, leveraging the enormous talent, particularly in STEM (Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields in both countries and coming out of a task force chaired by the Association of American Universities and counterparts at the Indian Institute of Technologies would like to welcome the launch for the university network with Indo US global challenges to federal Spark, new research partnerships and exchanges in fields including agriculture, energy, and health.”