Uttar Pradesh’s Top Tourism Places: From Taj Mahal to Varanasi

Despite its vastness, Uttar Pradesh seamlessly integrates iconic sites like the Taj Mahal, spiritual destinations like Kushinagar and Varanasi, and cultural hubs like Lucknow into a rich tapestry of heritage, architecture, religious significance, and natural beauty.

Uttar Pradesh recently gained significant attention due to the grand Bhoomi Poojan ceremony of the Ram Mandir in Ayodhya. This upcoming temple is poised to become a major attraction for both pilgrims and tourists, enhancing Uttar Pradesh’s appeal in the realm of tourism. The state holds a special place in history as the land where revered figures like Lord Rama, Lord Krishna, and Lord Buddha once walked, establishing it as a cornerstone of Indian mythology and civilization. Despite its vastness, Uttar Pradesh seamlessly integrates iconic sites like the Taj Mahal, spiritual destinations like Kushinagar and Varanasi, and cultural hubs like Lucknow into a rich tapestry of heritage, architecture, religious significance, and natural beauty. This diverse blend of monuments, spiritual centres, and wildlife sanctuaries makes Uttar Pradesh a hidden gem waiting to be explored.

Best time to visit: Some of the best times of year to visit Uttar Pradesh are during the cooler months, specifically from October to March. This period offers pleasant weather with moderate temperatures, making it ideal for sightseeing and outdoor activities. Additionally, winter, which spans from December to February, is a great time to visit as it hosts various cultural events and festivals like the Kumbh Mela and the Magh Mela. 


Here are some places you must visit on your next trip to UP:


Agra, a significant destination in Uttar Pradesh renowned worldwide as the home of the Taj Mahal, sits gracefully on the banks of the Yamuna River. This city not only houses the iconic Taj Mahal but also boasts two other UNESCO World Heritage Sites – Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri, offering a glimpse into the rich architectural history of the Mughal empire. Agra is a key stop on the popular Golden Triangle Circuit, which includes Delhi and Jaipur, as well as part of the Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arc with Varanasi and Lucknow. Agra appeals to history enthusiasts, architecture lovers, and food aficionados alike, known for its delectable Petha sweets and exquisite marble crafts. It stands out as a must-visit location in Uttar Pradesh for both locals and international visitors exploring India.

Fatehpur Sikri 

Fatehpur Sikri, a city constructed from red sandstone, was established in 1571 by Mughal Emperor Akbar. Situated 40 km from Agra, it stands as a symbol of the Mughal Empire’s grandeur. Serving as the empire’s capital for fifteen years, Fatehpur Sikri showcases a remarkable fusion of Indo-Islamic architectural brilliance and religious influences. This UNESCO World Heritage Site features three palaces dedicated to Emperor Akbar’s favourite wives, including Hindu, Muslim, and Christian influences; the impressive Jama Masjid still in active use; the grand Buland Darwaza; and the revered tomb of Salim Chisti. The city exudes a magical charm, especially at sunset, making it a top destination to explore in Uttar Pradesh.


Varanasi, known as Kashi and Benaras, is revered as the world’s oldest living city and stands out as a prominent tourist destination in Uttar Pradesh. As one of Hinduism’s seven sacred cities, Varanasi holds the title of India’s spiritual capital. The city is adorned with numerous temples, with the Kashi Vishwanath Temple, a revered Jyotirlinga shrine, being the oldest and most frequented. Varanasi is believed to be a sacred place for attaining moksha or liberation from the cycle of life and death. Along the Holy Ganges, around 80 ghats symbolize the essence of Varanasi. The Ganga Aarti ceremony, a spectacle of grandeur and spiritual significance, is a must-see experience in the city. Additionally, savouring the local delicacies like hot chaat and refreshing lassi promises a delightful culinary journey for visitors.


Mathura, known as the birthplace of Lord Krishna, holds a significant place as one of Hinduism’s seven sacred cities, attracting pilgrims and tourists worldwide. Similar to Varanasi’s Ganga Aarti, Mathura’s Yamuna Aarti is a key attraction. The town experiences a surge in visitors during the festive seasons of Janmashtami and Holi. Shri Krishna Janmabhumi stands out as a major tourist spot, believed to be the precise location of Lord Krishna’s birth, with the prison where he was born now open for public viewing. Other notable temples include Dwarkadheesh Temple and Gita Mandir. Mathura is also renowned for its delectable street food offerings, including kachodis, aloo-puri, chaat, jalebis, and gulab-jamuns.


Lucknow, the capital and largest city of Uttar Pradesh greets visitors with the welcoming phrase ‘Muskuraiyein, kyunki aap Lucknow mein hai’ (Smile, for you are in Lucknow). Positioned along the Gomti River, this city is renowned for its Nawabs, Kebabs, architecture, history, literature, and culture. The iconic Rumi Darwaza, a Mughal Gateway at the heart of the city, separates Lucknow into its old and new sections. The old part is famous for its lively streets, delicious kebab and biryani eateries, Lucknowi Chikan market, and jewellery stores, while the new part is a melting pot of cultures, urban, and one of Asia’s most well-planned cities. Lucknow stands out as a prominent destination not just in Uttar Pradesh but across India.


Allahabad, now officially known as Prayagraj, is renowned for Triveni Sangam, the sacred meeting point of the Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati rivers, making it a significant tourist destination in Uttar Pradesh. Situated in the ancient town of Prayag, Allahabad has been historically famous for hosting the grand Hindu gathering known as the Maha Kumbh Mela every twelve years at the Sangam, drawing millions of pilgrims worldwide. Originally named Prayag or Prayagraj, the city was later called ‘Ilahabas’ by Emperor Akbar and then ‘Allahabad’ by his grandson Shah Jahan. Besides Triveni Sangam, popular attractions in Allahabad include the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Allahabad Fort, Anand Bhavan – the Nehru family’s ancestral home, All Saints Cathedral, Chandra Shekhar Azad Park, and Allahabad Museum.

[The article has been modified using artificial intelligence (AI) tools.]