10 Golden Rules for young adults to master financial planning

Financial planning is the roadmap to achieve life goals systematically and avoid unexpected financial shocks. For young adults, embracing financial planning might seem challenging, but it’s a crucial step toward building a secure future. Let’s read the 10 golden rules to help young individuals navigate the complexities of financial planning and secure their financial well-being.

Start with savings:


Financial management doesn’t have to be dull or complicated. It begins with a commitment to saving. Saving money is a powerful step towards achieving financial independence. Whether it’s for emergencies, purchasing a vehicle, or wealth accumulation, savings form the foundation. Avoiding debt traps starts with cultivating a habit of regular and systematic savings.

Set a savings goal:

To avoid falling into debt traps, systematic saving is essential. Allocate at least 10% of your income each month to savings. Instead of stashing money in a piggy bank or a regular savings account, consider investing in a liquid fund for potential returns around 4%. Regular, long-term savings can work wonders in achieving financial goals.

Budgeting for control:

Living paycheck to paycheck may lead to financial struggles. Creating a budget is crucial for controlling cash flows. Categorize expenses, differentiate between necessities and luxuries, and establish a hierarchy of needs. Prioritize and commit to your budget, treating it as a commitment rather than a burden.

Build a personal balance sheet:

A personal balance sheet provides a snapshot of your financial health by listing assets and liabilities. The net worth, calculated as the difference between assets and liabilities, indicates your financial standing. While ideally positive, even a negative net worth can improve over time with prudent financial management.

Deal wisely with surplus cash:

How you handle surplus cash determines your financial future. Inflation erodes the value of money over time, making investing crucial. Investing helps counter inflation, grow wealth, and work towards financial goals. Identify short-term and long-term goals, assess risk appetite, and choose suitable investment avenues like mutual funds.

Create a diversified investment portfolio:

Constructing an investment portfolio involves distributing funds across asset classes like equity, debt, and cash. Equity is tax-efficient and counters inflation but diversification is key. Aim to be a long-term investor with a horizon of 10-15 years. Periodically rebalance the portfolio to manage risk effectively.

Plan for retirement:

Retirement planning is vital to ensure financial security during the post-retirement phase. Determine your retirement age, estimate post-retirement expenses, and start planning early. Utilize tools like retirement calculators to identify required contributions through SIPs, taking advantage of the compounding effect.

Manage debt wisely:

Strategic debt management prevents falling into a debt trap. Prioritize paying off high-interest debts, especially credit cards. Avoid unnecessary borrowing and consider alternatives like down payments and loan balance transfers for better interest rates. Responsible debt management safeguards critical life goals.

Get adequate insurance:

Insurance safeguards against life and property risks. Choose term insurance for higher coverage at reasonable costs. Health insurance provides access to quality healthcare. Evaluate your insurance needs and compare policies online to find suitable coverage.

Estate planning and tax efficiency:

Prepare for the future by planning your estate early. Create an inventory of assets, list beneficiaries, and draft a will. Estate planning is for everyone, not just the wealthy. Analyze finances for tax efficiency, claiming legitimate exemptions, deductions, and benefits. Invest in tax-saving options like Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS) under Section 80C for optimal benefits.

Mastering financial planning involves a commitment to savings, strategic investment, and prudent decision-making. These 10 golden rules provide a roadmap for young adults to navigate financial complexities, secure their future, and achieve life goals. Early planning sets the stage for a financially stable and prosperous future.